alabama history facts

America’s 22nd state was born on the back of cotton. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by … Here Are 12 Things They Don’t Teach You About Alabama In School. The land that is today the state of Alabama was originally settled by two groups of Native Americans: the Cherokee and the Muskogee peoples. In 1819, Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state to the Union. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. Alabama History Firsts & State Facts 1540 -On October 18, 1540, the largest Indian battle in North America occurred when the Spaniards under Hernando de Soto attacked Chief Tuscaloosa's village of Mabila (or Mauvila). Listed below are 12 lesser-known facts about Alabama … Today paper, chemicals, rubber and plastics, apparel and textiles, primary metals, and automobile manufacturing constitute the leading industries of Alabama. )Area codes Tourism office, See more on Alabama:Encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes. Early inhabitants of the area that became Mississippi included the Choctaw, Natchez and Chickasaw. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The USS Alabama (BB-60) is a World War II-era battleship and the fifth ship named after the state of Alabama. Alabama Capitals. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Alabama is well known for many different things. A slave state, Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the union and join the Confederate States of America. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Representatives: 7Senators: Richard Shelby, R (to Jan. 2023); Doug Jones, D (to Jan. 2021)See Also: Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Residents: Alabamian, AlabamanResident population: 4,858,979 (24rd Largest State, 2015)10 largest cities (2014): Birmingham, 212,461; Montgomery, 200,602; Mobile, 194,288; Huntsville, 190,582; Tuscaloosa, 98,332; Hoover, 84,848; Dothan, 68,567; Auburn, 62,059; Decatur, 55,437; Madison, 46,962Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census): White (68.5%); Black (26.2%); American Indian (0.6%); Asian (1.1%); Other race (2.0%); Two or more races (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino (3.9%).Religion: Protestant (78%); No religion (12%); Catholic (7%); Mormon (1%); Other (2%)Sex: Male (48.4%); Female (51.6%).Age: Under 18 (22.5%); 18-64 (63.4%); 65 and over (14.1%). Population & EconomyHistorical Population Statistics, 1790–PresentPer Capita Personal IncomeMinimum Wage RatesState TaxesFederal Government ExpenditurePercent of People in PovertyBirths and Birth RatesHomeownershipPercentage of Uninsured by State, Society & Culture:Most Livable StatesHealthiest StatesMost Dangerous StatesSmartest StatesCrime IndexResidency Requirements for VotingCompulsory School Attendance LawsDriving Laws, Geography & ClimateRecord Highest TemperaturesRecord Lowest TemperaturesHighest, Lowest, and Mean ElevationsLand and Water Area. Nickname(s): The Yellowhammer State; The Heart of Dixie; The Cotton State, Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (“We dare maintain our rights”), Bird: Yellowhammer Woodpecker (Northern Flicker), https://www.history.com/topics/us-states/alabama. (shelved 1 time as alabama-history) avg rating 4.28 — 4,563,430 ratings — published 1960 Want to Read saving… Cash died in 1994; Blanton and Cherry were tried and convicted in 2001 and 2002 respectively (Cherry died in prison in 2004). During 1720, when France warred with Spain, Mobile was on the battlefront, so the capital moved west to Biloxi. It first served in the Atlantic theater of operations during the war but was better known for its role in helping to take Japanese-held islands in the Pacific from 1943 to 1945, earning numerous citations. It was Gaines who in 1817 encouraged French exiles to establish their Vine and Olive Colony in what was to become Demopolis. 2. The state of Alabama has 67 counties. Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. History. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. One of the first problems of the new commonwealth was that of finance. Alabama Counties: State Name. The Alabama Department of Archives and History was founded in 1901. 3. In 1763, Britain took control of the colony following their victory in the Seven Years War. The United States: Information & Statistics By State, Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present, Saying "Happy New Year!" Chief Justices of the Alabama Supreme Court. It has been portrayed ...read more, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state in 1817 and gets its name from the Mississippi River, which forms its western border. State Creed: The official creed of Alabama was originally created for the Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs and was written by Mrs. H. P. Thetford of Birmingham.It was officially adopted by the state legislature in 1953. The Alabama claims were brought by the United States against Great Britain for the damage caused by several Confederate warships built in Liverpool during the Civil War, most notably the commerce raiders Alabama and Florida. Governor: Will Ainsworth, R (to Jan. 2021) Secy. Splitting off from the Mississippi Territory in … It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to … By 1820 Alabama’s population was more than 125,000, including about 500 free Blacks. The state was named after the Alabama River. In 1965, five months before President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act prohibiting discriminatory voting practices, thousands of non-violent protesters joined a 54-mile. The British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 forbade the ...read more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital. Geographical and historical treatment of Alabama, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. The first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville, Alabama on February 16, 1968. The Alabama State Capitol was subsequently commissioned and built on Goat Hill, being completed in time for the legislature meetings of 1847 and 1848. The Saturn V rocket that made it possible for humans to land on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. By 1830 there were 300,000 residents, nearly one-fifth of them slaves, and cotton was the principal cash crop. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. But Wall Street is far more than a location—it has been adopted as a term to describe all U.S. financial institutions and U.S. economic power. Great plantations were built to exploit Alabama’s rich, fertile soil and black slaves were brought in to work the fields. It is the 24th most populous state in the United States. Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. Median Age: 37.9See Also: Additional Alabama Census Data. Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle. Mobile was founded as the capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702 and remained a part of New France for over 60 years. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. We definitely hope that Saban can make the team perform better on the field. Alabama became a state of the United States of America on December 14, 1819. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. of State: John Merrill, R (to Jan. 2023)General Treasurer: John McMillan, R (to Jan. 2021)Atty. SW of ClantonNumber of counties: 67Largest county by population and area: Jefferson, 658,327 (2012); Baldwin, 1,596 sq mi.State forests: 21 (48,000 ac. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Around the World. GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. Facts about Alabama Football 2: history of Alabama Crimson Tide football team In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. 1. The origin of the word Alabama is considered to be … The state’s name comes from the Alabama tribe, one of the Native American groups from that area. Today Arkansas ranks 27th among ...read more, Vermont was initially settled in the early 18th century by both the British and French,and conflicts between the two nations continued until the French defeat in the French and Indian War, after which the land was ceded to England. State Emblems and Symbols. In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo a worker adjusts a banner celebrating Alabama's bicentennial outside the Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, Ala. Alabama's main state history … Twenty-two counties were declared federal disaster areas. Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. The world’s first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery in 1886. In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector. Following the American Revolutionary War, Mobile did not become a part of the … Thirty-seven years after the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing which killed four young girls in Birmingham, the FBI released the name of four men—self-proclaimed Cahaba Boys, a branch of the Ku Klux Klan—responsible for the dynamite attack: Robert Chambliss, Herman Cash, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Cherry. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. All Rights Reserved. Nick Saban is the coach of Alabama Crimson Tide football team today. Since the amount of money in circulation was not sufficient to meet the demands of the increasing population, a system of state banks was instituted. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. The state ranks high in the production of poultry, soybeans, milk, vegetables, livestock, wheat, cattle, cotton, peanuts, fruits, hogs, and corn. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. In the 1950s and '60s, Alabama was the site of such landmark civil-rights actions as the bus boycott in Montgomery (1955-56) and the “Freedom March“ from Selma to Montgomery (1965). August 2, 2019. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by aboriginals as early as some 10,000 years ago. They were organized into clans such as the Bear Clan and the Fox Clan. Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Like every geographic region in the New World in both North and South America, Alabama history begins with its Native American peoples. The name Alabama came from combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and Amo which mean plants and gatherer, respectively. (131,427 sq km)Geographic center: In Chilton Co., 12 mi. The territory of many of these tribes spread into what are now neighboring states, especially Georgia and Mississippi.And one of the facts about Alabama is that, like many other U.S. states, it is named for one of its native tribes—the Alibamu. Alabama Constitutional Officers. Chambliss, originally charged alone, was acquitted of murder in 1963, but was sentenced to life in prison when the case was reopened in 1977. The DeSoto Caverns near the city of Birmingham, which contain a 2,000-year-old Native American burial site, served as a clandestine speakeasy with dancing and gambling during Prohibition. When Alabama became a state on Dec. 14, 1819, it was the 22nd to be added to the United States of … However, many of these things aren’t heavily discussed in the classroom. Alabama is 52,419 sq. Organized as territory: March 3, 1817Entered Union: Dec. 14, 1819 (22nd State)Present constitution adopted: 1901, State abbreviation/Postal code: Ala./ALNickname: Yellowhammer State, also unofficially the Heart of DixieOrigin of name: From the Alabama River, itself named after the Alabama people.Motto: "Audemus jura nostra defendere" (We dare defend our rights)State symbols:Amphibian: Red Hills salamander (2000)Bird: Yellowhammer (1933)Butterfly: Eastern tiger swallowtail (1989)Dog: Chinook (2009)Freshwater fish: Largemouth bass (1975)Game bird: Wild Turkey (1980)Horse: Racking Horse (1975)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1989)Mammal: American black bear (2006)Reptile: Alabama red-bellied turtle (1990)Saltwater fish: Atlantic tarpon (1955)Shell: Johnstone's junonia (1990)Flower: Camellia (1959)Fruit: Blackberry (2004)Nut: Pecan (1982)Tree: Southern longleaf pine (1997)Tree fruit: Peach (2006)Wildflower: Oak-leaf hydrangea (1999)Fossil: Basilosaurus (1984)Gem: Star blue quartz (1990)Mineral: Hematite (1967)Rock: Marble (1969)Soil: Bama (1997)Barbecue competition: Alabama Barbecue Championship (1991)Bible: Alabama State Bible (1853)Folk dance: Square Dance (1981)Outdoor drama: The Miracle Worker (1991)Outdoor musical drama: The Incident and Looney's Tavern (1993)Quilt: Pine Burr Quilt (1997)Renaissance fair: Florence, AL Renaissance Fair (1988)Song: "Alabama" (1931), Capital: MontgomeryState Website: www.alabama.govGovernor: Kay Ivey, R (to Jan. 2021)Lieut. The Muskogee peoples included the Choctaw, the Creek, and the Chickasaw tribes. Their accomplished combat record, including the accumulation of more than 850 medals, was an important factor in President Truman’s decision to desegregate armed forces in 1948. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. Continuing as a major manufacturer of coal, iron, and steel, Birmingham is also noted for its world-renowned medical center. At Tuskegee Institute, founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, Dr. George Washington Carver carried out his famous agricultural research. Reckon presents: The History of Alabama. Need a reference? Since 1892, the team has been trained by 28 head coaches. Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area. One of the pirate ships featured in Disney’s “Pirates of the … The oldest known Mardi Gras celebration was held in Mobile, Alabama in 1703, 15 years before New Orleans was founded. The state played a key role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. Alabama Fast Facts. Apparently, Gov. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused major flooding and destruction along the coast of Alabama; flood waters reached 11 ft in Mobile. By the mid-19th ...read more, Wall Street runs for a short eight blocks in lower Manhattan and is headquarters of America’s financial markets. Admitted to the union in 1819 as the 22nd U.S. state, it was a battleground for the struggles between the North and the South during the American Civil … Alabama was established as a separate territory in 1817 and became a state in 1819. History; Random Facts; Facts About Alabama. State bonds were issued and public lands were sold to secure capital, and the notes of the banks, loaned on security, became a medium of exchange. In 1836, Alabama was the first U.S. state to declare Christmas a legal holiday. )State parks: 22 (45,614 ac. Bibb hoped to build Alabama… The following is a list of some great facts about alabama and the coast. 4. Knowing the states history can make a trip even more enjoyable. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Alabama Governor's Mansion. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. Alabama became the fourth state (out of eleven total) to join the Confederacy, the group of southern slave states that seceded, or left, the United States. Land area: 50,744 sq mi. More surprising is the discovery that Governor William Wyatt Bibb (1819-1820) and his surveyors not only found the remains of this ancient village, but they incorporated the old earthworks into the centerpiece of Cahawba’s town plan. With an abundance of ...read more, Part of the land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, Arkansas became a separate territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836. 36-40 Alabama Facts 36. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. It is also the largest supplier of … The Native American groups from that area the New commonwealth was that of.. 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